Although one should not have much trouble with obtaining one, it is another formality to fulfill. However, from now the situation is going to be much easier for the academics from abroad thanks to the ordinance of the Polish Minister of Labor.
Until now foreign students and graduate students studying in Poland on the basis of visa and having no work permit were allowed to work here exclusively in holiday months: July, August and September. Since now not only are they allowed to work the whole year round, but also the academics living in Poland and having no work permit are allowed to give guest lectures (for 30 days a year). Until now it was possible only for the academics living abroad.
This substantial change in formal regulations is a very good news for students coming to Poland, especially from Ukraine, as due to the political situation some of the families might have lost the ability to support their studying children. Generally all of the students will now be able to work and hence support themselves financially while pursuing higher education, visa being enough a basis. Moreover, students taking the chance will gain precious practical experience, which is then sought by the employers. Students will not be forced to limit themselves to internships, but it is now legal for them search for a more steady and responsible job.
Not only students will benefit from new regulations. Players who can gain a lot are Polish universities, which will soon feel the results of population decline. Favorable work regulations can attract more students from abroad and help fill the gap. Another positive result of more incoming students would be internationalization to which Polish academic societies are very open.
Employers will not lose either. More loose law regarding work permits means less trouble in case they want to employ student or graduate student from outside the EU or EEA. These employees are valuable for enterprises as they often know various languages and can contribute their distinct experience. Greater competition on the work market can potentially cause improvement in provision of services.
Furthermore, when students are allowed to work throughout their entire study time, which lasts on average 5 years they are more probable to find job and company, which will truly suit them and hence stay for good. It means they do not export education and experience gained here but they contribute to the economy. It is important for the employers as well as for the state.
Foreigners living in Poland are now able to give occasional lectures (30 days a year) without the necessity of obtaining work permit. It will allow avoiding bureaucracy for everyone willing to share their knowledge and experience.
Summing up, the changes are going in a very positive direction and they seem potentially beneficial for everyone. In this day and age the legislation outght to follow the changes in the world that becomes more and more intermixed and open. And it does.