As reported by Eurostat, one fifth of employees born outside the EU were employed on the basis of temporary contracts in 2020. The highest share of non-EU temporary employees was observed in Poland (40.6 per cent), followed by Cyprus (35.8 per cent), Spain (35.1per cent), Portugal (26.8 per cent) and Sweden (25.2 per cent). The lowest share of third country nationals on short-term contracts was observed in Estonia (2.1 per cent), Austria (6.9 per cent), Hungary (7.2 per cent) and Ireland (7.5 per cent).
When it comes to labour migration within the European Union, the highest share of temporary employees in the total number of EU-born workers was recorded in Spain (27 per cent), the Netherlands (19.3 per cent) and Italy (18.3 per cent), the lowest in in Hungary (4.2 per cent), Ireland (6.6 per cent) and Luxembourg (6.8 per cent). According to Eurostat data, overall, 13.8 per cent of all Europeans who worked in a different member state in 2020 were employed under a temporary contract.
Native-born employees holding temporary jobs made up the biggest share of all employees in Spain (21.8 per cent), Poland (17.9 per cent) and Portugal (16.6 per cent) and the lowest in Lithuania (1.1 per cent), Romania (1.2 per cent), Estonia (2.6 per cent) and Latvia (2.7 per cent). Generally, native-born employees were less likely to work under short-term contracts than foreigners - they made up 11.8 per cent of all native-born workers in the European Union.
Are you looking for a seasonal job in Poland? Check if you need a work permit - Seasonal work in Poland